2016 June UGC NET English Literature Question Paper 2 With Answers

1. 
Which British University figures in William Wordsworth’s Prelude ?
2. 
Who is the author of A Woman Killed with Kindness ?
3. 
In William Congreve’s The Way of the World identify the speaker of the line : “One’s cruelty is one’s power, and when one parts with one’s cruelty, one parts with one’s power.”
4. 
T.S. Eliot found spiritual support in
5. 
By what name is Gulliver known in Brobdingnag ?
6. 
Who among the following was born in India ?
7. 
What metaphor does Edmund Spenser employ (Faerie Queene Book 1 Canto 12) to frame his tale and to describe the relationship between the tale and its readers ?
8. 
Who among the following is not associated with Russian formalism ?
9. 
Which character in Dickens keeps on hoping that “something will turn up” ?
10. 
What is the name of the boat that rescues Ishmael in Herman Melville’s Moby Dick ?
11. 
Northanger Abbey is a parody of the _______ romance.
12. 
Who among the following authors were greatly influenced by Thomas Carlyle’s writings ?

I. Charles Dickens
II. Elizabeth Gaskell
III. Emily Bronte
IV. Oscar Wilde
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

13. 
Which of the following is another term to describe “art for art’s sake” ?
14. 
The statement that there are “none so credulous as infidels” is an illustration of
15. 
Who narrates Heart of Darkness ?
16. 
The Mistakes of a Night is the subtitle of
17. 
Identify the first novel written by Patrick White :
18. 
In King Lear for what reason does Kent assume a disguise ?
19. 
What is a feminine rhyme ?
20. 
Identify two of the following written by Christopher Fry :

I. French Without Tears
II. The Lady’s Not for Burning
III. Venus Observed
IV. The Deep Blue Sea
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

21. 
In “Tradition and Individual Talent”, according to T.S. Eliot, the term “Traditional” usually means
22. 
Who of the following is a Cavalier poet ?
23. 
Which of the following is not Jacques Derrida’s work ?
24. 
In Paradise Lost which character narrates the story of the making of Eve from a rib in Adam’s side ?
25. 
A.S. Byatt’s Possession attempts the imitation of the work of two Victorian poets, loosely based on

I. Alfred Tennyson
II. Robert Browning
III. Christina Rossetti
IV. William Morris
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

26. 
The Dark Lady of the Sonnets is a short comedy by
27. 
John Milton’s description of gold as a “precious bane” (Paradise Lost, Book II) is best described as
28. 
There is a play on the name of Machiavelli in the prologue to Christopher Marlowe’s
29. 
Shakespeare famously neglects to observe Aristotle’s rules concerning the three dramatic unities, and Samuel Johnson undertakes to defend Shakespeare from these criticisms in his Preface to Shakespeare. Which of the Aristotelian dramatic unities does Johnson believe Shakespeare to observe most successfully ?
30. 
Who among the following was praised and patronized as a “Ploughman Poet” ?
31. 
Which novel of Doris Lessing ends with a projection forward in time after a devastating atomic war ?
32. 
Name the dominant meter of the following quatrain :

The curfew tolls the knell of parting day,
The lowing herd winds slowly o’er the lea,
The plowman homeward plods his weary way,
And leaves the world to darkness and to me.Deselect Answer

33. 
Which two novels of Buchi Emecheta provide a fictionalized portrait of poor, young Nigerian women struggling to bring up their children in London ?

I. The Slave Girl
II. The Joys of Motherhood
III. Second Class Citizen
IV. In the Ditch
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

34. 
In John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress who keeps Christian’s head above water in the River of Death ?
35. 
Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage is a
36. 
In Thomas More’s Utopia which of the following leisure pastimes is not a favourite among Utopians ?
37. 
Which of the following statements does not describe Michel Foucault’s position ?
38. 
In which year did the Great Exhibition take place ?
39. 
When Fidessa says, “O but I fear the fickle freakes …./ Of fortune false, and oddes of armes in field” (Faerie Queene, Book I, Canto 5), this is a fine example of
40. 
Match the work with author :

I. “The Excursion” A. S.T. Coleridge
II. “Christabel” B. P.B. Shelley
III. Milton C. William Wordsworth
IV. Queen Mab D. William Blake
        I II III IVDeselect Answer

41. 
Which of the following phrases is not found in Thomas Gray’s “Elegy written in a Country Churchyard” ?
42. 
Robert Browning’s “Rabbi Ben Ezra” is a defence of
43. 
In Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, the pilgrims, like the medieval society of which they are a part, are made up of three social groups or “estates”. What are the three estates ?
44. 
Which novel of Toni Morrison tells the wrenching story of a protagonist who murders her child rather than to allow him/her to live as a slave ?
45. 
Who among the following translated Homer ?
46. 
Shyam Selvadurai’s Funny Boy is a
47. 
When was the English ban on James Joyce’s Ulysses lifted ?
48. 
Who among the following is not an imagist ?
49. 
Thomas Carew’s Poems appeared in print in 1640 and contain a variety of amorous addresses to and reflections on, a fictional mistress known as
50. 
Match the novelists with their work :

I. William Golding A. Grimus
II. Salman Rushdie B. Hawksmoor
III. Graham Swift C. Darkness Visible
IV. Peter Ackroyd D. Waterland
       I II III IVDeselect Answer

51. 
2016 July UGC NET English Literature Question Paper 3

51. Which of W.M. Thackeray’s novel’s closing sentence is this ?
“Which of us is happy in this world ? Which of us has his desire ? Or, having it, is satisfied ?”Deselect Answer

52. 
Why does Lovewit in Ben Jonson’s play The Alchemist leave his house, setting the stage for his servant Face, alongwith Subtle, a fake alchemist to fleece people ?
53. 
By the end of the nineteen fifties novelists like Stan Barstow, Sid Chaplin, Alan Sillitoe and David Storey were routinely lumped together as representatives of “Kitchen-sink realism”. Who in 1954 wrote the article “The Kitchen Sink”, calling attention to the gritty and direct realism ?
54. 
Which of the following is not an allegorical character in the play Everyman ?
55. 
Who among the following translators is notable as the first translator of Bhagavad Gita into English ?
56. 
In Biographia Literaria S.T. Coleridge defines the imagination as the faculty by which
57. 
Why do the Houyhnhnms have so few words in their language ?
58. 
Identify the title of A.D. Hope’s first published book of poems.
59. 
Which of the following is an incorrect assumption in language teaching ?
60. 
The Bhasmasura myth is used in R.K. Narayan’s _________.
61. 
During the Middle English period, many words were borrowed from two languages :

I. Celtic
II. Latin
III. French
IV. Old Norse
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

62. 
Select the right chronological sequence of the date of Bible translations.
63. 
The last word in James Joyce’s Finnegans Wake is
64. 
Assertion (A) : In so far as we are taught how to read, what we engage are not texts but paradigms.

Reason (R) : We appropriate meaning from a text according to what we need or desire, or, in other words, according to the critical assumptions or predispositions that we bring to it.Deselect Answer

65. 
One of the key terms in Michel Foucault’s work is discourse. This is best described as
66. 
The narrators of Oroonoko are

I. a woman
II. Oroonoko
III. a purported eyewitness of the events described
IV. Trefy
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

67. 
Which character of Henrik Ibsen speaks the following lines : “The life of a normally constituted idea is generally about seventeen or eighteen years, at the most twenty ?”
68. 
In literary studies structuralism promotes
69. 
P.B. Shelley’s Julian and Maddalo is a conversation between Julian and Count Maddalo. Who do these two characters represent ?
70. 
What is practical criticism ?
71. 
Which of the following does not describe some of the practices/beliefs of feminist literary criticism ?
72. 
Which work by Franz Kafka is also known as The Man Who Disappeared ?
73. 
Towards the end of Evelyn Waugh’s A Handful of Dust the protagonist Tony Last is trapped in the jungle by the calculating crazy Mr. Todd who forces him to read and reread the novels of a particular author. Waugh has also written a short story dealing with Tony’s singular experience in the jungle. Who is the novelist referred to and what is the title of the short story ?
74. 
At the beginning of the Restoration period, there was a seismic shift in the social, political and religious attitudes of the English. Which of the following statements best describes that shift ?
75. 
The Grammar-Translation Method in English Language Teaching stresses on
76. 
“[They] then heaved out,/ away with a will in their wood-wreathed ship.” This line describing Beowulf’s departure from Geatland, is typical of the poem’s form and Old English poetic technique because

I. it features alliteration
II. it rhymes
III. it features onomotopoeia
IV. it has four strong stresses
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

77. 
Identify the poet, translator, publisher and essayist who founded a press in the 1950s called Writers’ Workshop and provided a publishing outlet for Indians writing in English.
78. 
Antagonised by what he considered to be the provinciality of the Lake Poets, Byron wrote the preface to which of his works as a rebuke to Wordsworth’s own introduction to “The Thorn” ?
79. 
Which of the following theoretical movements claimed that “the device is the only hero of literature” ?
80. 
In Jean Francois Lyotard’s works the term “language games”, sometimes also called “phrase regimens” denotes :

I. the multiplicity of communities of meaning.
II. the breakdown of communities of meaning.
III. the innumerable and incommensurable separate systems in which meanings are
produced.
IV. the singular system in which meanings are dispersed and displaced.
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

81. 
What part of Canada is Alice Munro most famous for depicting ?
82. 
In John Gay’s Beggar’s Opera what is Peachum’s occupation ?

I. Pimp
II. Lawyer
III. Fencer of stolen goods, and master of a gang of thieves
IV. Impeader of less powerful criminals
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

83. 
In the opening stanza of “Song of Myself”, Whitman begins his spiritual awakening at the age of ______.
84. 
In which of the following poems does Tennyson describe and condemn the spirit of aestheticism whose sole religion is the worship of beauty and of knowledge for their own sake and which ignores human responsibility and obligations of one’s fellowmen ?
85. 
Luigi Pirandello’s Six Characters in Search of an Author deliberately blurs the boarder lines between the world of the theatre and the world of ‘real life’ by carefully chiselled dialogues like :

“Don’t you feel the ground beneath your feet as you reflect that this ‘you’ which you feel
today, all this present reality of yours, is destined to seem a mere illusion to you tomorrow ?”
Who is the speaker ? Who is it addressed to ?Deselect Answer

86. 
In a poem in memory of Major Robert Gregory, Lady Gregory’s son, W.B. Yeats mentions an Irish writer who had found his inspiration “In a most desolate stony place” that he came “Towards nightfall upon a race/ passionate and simple like his heart.” Who is the writer ?
87. 
Jacques Derrida’s work received some criticism from analytical philosophers. Who below was a critic of Derrida ?
88. 
Who among the following bought and renovated the house of the Anglican poet, George Herbert, near Salisbury, England, in 1996 ?
89. 
Which pair of novels by Anita Desai take as their subject the suppression and oppression of Indian women ?

I. Where Shall We Go This Summer ?
II. The Zigzag Way
III. Cry, the Peacock
IV. Baumgartner’s Bombay
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

90. 
From among the following identify the two Indian English authors who received appreciation and encouragement from their British counterparts :

I. R.K. Narayan, Graham Greene
II. Nirad C. Chaudhuri, Evelyn Waugh
III. Mulk Raj Anand, E.M. Forster
IV. Raja Rao, Iris Murdoch
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

91. 
Match the character with the work :

I. Count Fosco A. Villette
II. Margaret B. Adam Bede
III. Lucy Snowe   C. The Woman in White
IV. Maggie Tulliver  D. North or South
Codes :             
(a)    (b)   (c)   (d)
Deselect Answer

92. 
This poet was accidently killed in Burma by a pistol shot in 1944. His posthumously published collection of poems Ha ! Ha ! Among the Trumpets is divided into three sections.

The first section describes a tense, waiting England and the second the voyage to the East.
In the third section he uncomfortably comes to terms with the alien contours, the harsh
light and the dry wastes of India as evident in poems like “The Maratta Ghats”, “Indian
Day” and “Observation Post : Forward Area”. Who is the poet ?Deselect Answer

93. 
As Adam and Eve leave Paradise, “hand in hand with wand’ring steps and slow” (Book XII, Paradise Lost) what is their consolation ?
94. 
In An Essay of Dramatic Poesy to whom does Dryden refer with the phrase “he needed not the spectacles of books to read Nature” ?
95. 
Emily Dickinson’s use of “open form” or “free verse” is comparable to her contemporary American poet,
96. 
In “A Letter of the Authors” Edmund Spenser writes that two characters in Faerie Queene represent Queen Elizabeth. Who are they ?

I. Britomart
II. Cynthia
III. Belphoebe
IV. The Faerie Queene
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

97. 
Who among the following African novelists was a student of philosophy and literature in India ?
98. 
In particular William Blake was influenced by the religious writings of

I. Martin Luther
II. Jacob Boehme
III. Emanuel Swedenborg
IV. Confucious
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

99. 
Which British King, having defeated the Viking invaders, consciously used the English language to create a sense of national identity and retain political control over independent countries ?
100. 
In “Politics and the English Language” George Orwell provides a list of rules to aid in curing the English language. What is the final rule ?
101. 
In his Defence of Poesy what is the “best and most accomplished kind of poetry” in Sidney’s estimation ?
102. 
Which writer of the Romantic period makes the following comment : “The poet is far from dealing only with these subtle and analogical truths. Truth of every kind belongs to him, provided it can bud into any kind of beauty, or is capable of being illustrated and impressed by poetic faculty” ?
103. 
In his poem “Whispers of Immortality” T.S. Eliot says that a dramatist “was much possessed by death / And saw the skull beneath the skin” and a poet “knew the anguish of the marrow / The ague of the skeleton.” Who are the dramatist and the poet referred to by Eliot ?
104. 
Functional Communicative Approach in English Language Teaching is in opposition to
105. 
According to Julia Kristeva, it is the eruption of the _______ within the _________ that provides the creative and innovative impulse of modern poetic language.
106. 
In Crime and Punishment which character speaks the following words. Who/what are they addressed to ?

“I waited for you impatiently…. all this blasted psychology is a double-edged weapon.”Deselect Answer

107. 
What three Germanic tribes invaded Britons in the fifth century AD, bringing with them the roots of modern English ?
108. 
Which of the following is not a part of the series of poems called Jejuri, written by Arun Kolatkar ?
109. 
Bertolt Brecht’s concept of alienation was a rejection of the idea that realism was the only mode of art a critique of capitalist society should produce. Alienation is best described as
110. 
Ngugi wa Thiongo changed the medium of his writing from English to _________.
111. 
Which of the following ancient critics does Alexander Pope commend as exemplary in Essay on Criticism ?
112. 
Which of the following poems by Philip Larkin is best described as a self-elegy, anticipating the poet’s death ?
113. 
In John Bunyan’s Pilgrims Progress what is the first obstacle encountered by Christian on his progress ?
114. 
Identify the correct chronological sequence of publication of the four parts of The Four Quartets.
115. 
Which of the following is not true of the novels of Charles Dickens ?
116. 
Published in 1604, the first monolingual English Dictionary was
117. 
Which of the following statements best describe the narrative perspective employed in Thomas More’s Utopia ?

I. First-person narration by Raphael Hythloday
II. Third-person narration by a narrator named Thomas More
III. First-person narration by a narrator named Thomas More
IV. Third-person narration by Raphael Hythloday
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

118. 
In the opening pages of one of Thomas Mann’s novels we can see space itself becoming a form of time : “Space, like time, engenders forgetfulness but it does so by setting us bodily free from our surroundings and giving us back our primitive unattached state.” Which is the novel ?
119. 
Match the lines with the titles of the poems :

I. The boa-constrictor’s coil/ Is a fossil    A. “Thrushes”
II. My manners are tearing off heads /  The allotment of death   B. “The Jaguar”
III. More coiled steel than living    C. “Relic”
IV. Time in the sea eats its tail   D. “Hawk Roosting”
Codes :
I II III IV
Deselect Answer

120. 
Which one of Joseph Conrad’s novels expresses the contrast between the solidarity of shipboard life and the profound underlying loneliness of existence thus : “loneliness impenetrable and transparent, elusive and everlasting…. that surrounds, envelops, clothes every human soul from the cradle to the grave, and perhaps beyond” ?
121. 
John Dryden’s two philosophico-religious poems are

I. Absalom and Achitophel
II. A Layman’s Faith
III. Annus Mirabilis
IV. The Hind and the Panther
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

122. 
Read the following poem and answer the questions, 122 to 125 :

Stray Cats
They are not exactly homeless.
They are dissidents who have lost their faith
in furnished interiors, morning walks,
the cake and the cutlery.
When you have nine lives to live
you learn to take things in your stride.
You learn to stretch your body
at full length and yawn at domestic
fictions. And for this reason
you figure in horror films
in the mandatory moment
between the flash of lightning
and the appearance of the ghost.
The light is darkish blue and you see
yourself in the iris of the burning
eye. The horror is in the seeing.
What you see is altered by the act
of seeing. The mystery does not stop
there. The seer is in turn altered
by what he sees. Having known this,
stray cats jump from roof to roof.
They monitor the world from treetops
and hold their weekly meetings
in the graveyard, like wandering mendicants.
And when they walk out of the mirror
of the sun and cross the crowded road
in a flash, for a shining moment,
they lurk in the light like a giant shadow
of doubt. Ill-omens to those who cannot
see beyond what they see.

122. The poem constructs its account of stray cats by way of a contrast with Deselect Answer

123. 
In the overall context, what do “furnished interiors, morning walks,/ the cake and the cutlery” represent ?
124. 
The last two lines suggest that cats crossing the crowded road
125. 
From among the following select two words that help accentuate the enigmatic character of stray cats :

I. Doubt
II. Mandatory
III. Faith
IV. Mystery
The right combination according to the code isDeselect Answer

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